Commissaries recognize 227 years of Coast Guard service
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FORT LEE, Va. (July 27, 2017) – As the Defense Commissary Agency continues its celebration of the 150 years of military commissaries, the agency is also observing the 227th birthday of the U.S. Coast Guard.
Congress established the Coast Guard – at the time it was called the "Revenue Cutter Service" – on Aug. 4, 1790.
The Coast Guard is a multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches. It has a maritime law enforcement mission as well as duties as a federal regulatory agency. It is not controlled by the Department of Defense. Until 1967, it had been a branch of the Treasury Department, but then control was transferred to the Department of Transportation.
In the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, it transitioned to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in 2003. It can be transferred to the Navy Department by the president at any time or by Congress during wartime. This transfer has only occurred twice: during World Wars I and II.
The Coast Guard began selling groceries to its community after the Navy began its commissaries in 1909-1910. After the World Wars, all services, including the Coast Guard, discovered that commissaries were a valuable inducement to enlistment and retention. In 1949, although the new Armed Services Commissary Regulation (ASCR) did not control the actions of the Coast Guard stores, they used the ASCR as a guide to their own operations.
The Coast Guard never had many commissaries in the modern sense of the word. Instead, most USCG grocery stores were located inside their exchanges. By the 1980s, there were 15 such stores; 11 of them were located on bases on or near the Atlantic Ocean, two were near the Pacific, and two more were located near the Great Lakes.
When DeCA started up in 1991, it assumed control of one of the few true commissaries the Coast Guard owned: the store on Governors Island, located south of Manhattan, squarely on the approach to New York City's harbor. Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) actions shut down the Governors Island installation in 1996, but DeCA took control of the Coast Guard's commissary at Kodiak Coast Guard Station, Alaska, located on Kodiak Island in the Aleutians, at virtually the same time.
Today, DeCA continues to manage the Kodiak store. It's the only Coast Guard store on DeCA's books. Located in a large building that also houses the station's exchange, credit union, post office, and several concessionaires, it is one of DeCA's most unique stores. Its exterior is unglamorous, but it was designed specifically to stand up to harsh weather and heavy snow.
No exterior signage advises what functions are housed inside, but it's safe to say the station's population knows exactly where their commissary is; after all, it supplies vital goods for people stationed at a location that truly is "at the far end of the pipeline."
To learn more about the U.S. Coast Guard, go to the gocoastguard.com page.
About DeCA: The Defense Commissary Agency operates a worldwide chain of commissaries providing groceries to military personnel, retirees and their families in a safe and secure shopping environment. Commissaries provide a military benefit and make no profit on the sale of merchandise. Authorized patrons save thousands of dollars annually on their purchases compared to commercial prices when shopping regularly at a commissary. The discounted prices include a 5-percent surcharge, which covers the costs of building new commissaries and modernizing existing ones. A core military family support element, and a valued part of military pay and benefits, commissaries contribute to family readiness, enhance the quality of life for America's military and their families, and help recruit and retain the best and brightest men and women to serve their country.
Kevin L. Robinson
(804) 734-8000, Ext. 4-8773